Cover Page

Issue 436 第436期

Comic

Comic 漫畫

News.1

News 新聞

Peking Opera Listed as Intangible Cultural Heritage
京劇列入非物質文化遺產


On November 16, 2010, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) approved the inclusion of Peking Opera in its Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. This inclusion means the unique forms of Chinese operas have been recognised around the world.

2010年11月16日,聯合國教科文組織正式把中國京劇列入人類非物質文化遺產的名錄,意味着中國獨特的劇曲藝術已得到世界認同。

News.2

What is Intangible Culture? How important is it?
甚麼是非物質文化? 它有甚麼重要性?

Intangible culture is the counterpart of living culture. It includes any kind of human activities that can be recorded but cannot be touched and owned. For example, songs, music, dramas, skills and crafts are kinds of intangible culture.

Intangible culture is important as it gives communities a sense of identity and continuity. It provides not only a link for people to trace back their tradition, but also helps them transmit their knowledge and skills from one generation to the next.

非物質文化相當於生活文化。它包括了各種可以被記錄下來,但不能接觸及擁有的人文活動,舉例說,歌曲、音樂、戲劇,技能和工藝都是非物質文化。

非物質文化是重要的,因為它為社區帶來認同感和延續性。它不只為人們提供了一種聯繫,讓他們追溯傳統,而且幫助他們把知識和技能從一代傳到下一代。

News.3

What is Peking Opera?
甚麼是京劇?

Peking Opera, which originated in the late 18th century, is a form of traditional Chinese theatre which combines singing, reciting, dancing as well as martial arts. Peking Opera is primarily performed in Beijing dialect and its libretto is always based on the political and military incidents in history.

Peking Opera is performed mostly on stage in open theatres, teahouses or temple courtyards. Performers will put on costume and paint their faces according to the characters' personalities and social status portrayed in the opera. The facial make-up in Peking Opera is very delicate and flamboyant as it will help audiences understand the personality of each character.

京劇起源於18世紀末期,是一種結合歌唱、朗誦、舞蹈和武術的中國傳統戲劇。京劇的唱誦主要使用北京方言,它的劇本總是以政治和軍事戰爭的歷史為題。

京劇的演出大多在露天戲棚、茶樓或廟宇庭院。表演者會根據角色的性格和社會地位作出相應打扮及面部化妝。京劇的面部化妝是非常精緻和浮誇的,因為它有助觀眾理解戲中各人物的個性。

Test

Putonghua Challenge 考考你的普通話

Come on! Let’s try to choose the correct pinyin for each word! 小朋友,請試為以下每個詞語選擇一個正確的漢語拼音吧!

1. 京劇

jīng jù jǐngjù

2. 方言

fāng yán gāng yán

3. 浮誇

fú pá fú kuā

4. 寺廟

zhù miào sì miào

5. 飾演

shì yǎn shī yǎn

Letter

God's Letter to Me 天父給我的信

You must do what the Word tells you and not just listen to it and deceive yourselves.
(James 1:22)

你們應按這聖言來實行,不要只聽。
(雅各伯書1:22)

Game

LET'S PLAY TOGETHER 親子遊戲

Mask Drawing
畫臉譜

在京劇裏,每個角色也有屬於自己的臉譜以表明身份。試根據以下步驟,設計一個屬於你的臉譜。

In Peking Opera, each role has a particular face-painting to indicate their identity. Let’s follow the steps below to create your own mask.